Learning at St George's


The principal focus of science teaching is to enable pupils to experience and observe phenomena, looking more closely at the natural and humanly-constructed world around them. They are encouraged to be curious and ask questions about what they notice.

Key Skills

  • Asking simple relevant questions and recognising that they can be answered in different ways
  • Observing closely, using simple equipment accurately, including data loggers and thermometers in KS2
  • Performing simple tests, enquiries, comparative and fair tests
  • Identifying and classifying
  • Gathering and recording data to help in answering questions, presenting it in different ways
  • Using their observations, results and ideas to suggest answers to questions

Pupils are helped to develop their understanding of scientific ideas by using different types of scientific enquiry to answer their own questions, including observing changes over a period of time, noticing patterns, grouping and classifying things, carrying out simple comparative tests and finding things out using secondary sources of information.

They use simple scientific language to talk about what they have found out and communicate their ideas to a range of audiences in a variety of ways. Most of the learning about science is done through the use of first-hand practical experiences, but there is also some use of appropriate secondary sources, such as books, photographs and videos.

Key Stage 1


  • Identify basic plants
  • Identify basic plant parts (roots, leaves, flowers, etc)
  • Identify & compare common animals
  • Identify & name body parts
  • Differences between living, dead and non-living
  • Growing plants (water, light, warmth)
  • Basic needs of animals & offspring
  • Simple food chain & habitats


  • Distinguish between objects & materials
  • Identify & name common materials
  • Describe simple properties of some materials
  • Compare & classify materials
  • Identify and compare uses of different materials
  • Compare how things move on different surfaces


  • Observe weather associated with changes of season

Key Stage 2


  • Plants, including parts, lifecycle and requirements for life
  • Animals: skeletons & nutrition
  • Classify living things
  • Digestive system & teeth
  • Food chains


  • Classification of rock types
  • Simple understanding of fossilisation
  • Change of state
  • The water cycle


  • Sources of light; shadows & reflections
  • Simple forces, including magnetism
  • Sound as vibrations
  • Electricity: simple circuits & conductors


Our annual Science Day, usually held within National Science and Engineering Week, always proves popular with the children. This year’s theme (following on from the children’s feedback after last year’s day) was ‘The Science of Staying Healthy’. Children were grouped across key stages 1 and 2 so that Year 1, 2, 3 and 4 children could work together, moving round a variety of bases throughout the day. They explored Beautiful Bones, Tantalising Teeth, Magical Mindfulness, Exciting Eating, a Healthy Timetable and Energetic Exercising. Cross curricular links with PE were emphasised and promoted.